Best Preparation Books for AIPMT, NEET UG, NEET PG, JEE, CAT, GMAT, SSC, IBPS, RBI, SBI, PSU, UPSC, DMRC, GATE, Law, Interviews

A Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) twice every year for recruitment of candidates for admission to the undermentioned courses: Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and Officers Training Academy.

Eligibility Required :
(a) Age Limits, Sex and Marital Status :
(i) For IMA- Unmarried male candidates between the age of 17 to 22 years only are eligible to apply.
(ii) For Indian Naval Academy- Unmarried male candidates between the age of 17 to 22 years are eligible to apply.
(iii) For Air Force Academy- Unmarried male candidates between the age of 20 to 24 years at the time of applying are eligible.
(iv) For Officers’ Training Academy- (SSC Course for Men) : Male candidates(married or unmarried) between the age of 17 to 23 years only are eligible.
(v) For Officers Training Academy -(SSC Women Non-Technical Course) : Unmarried Women, issue less widows who have not remarried and issue less divorcees (in possession of divorce documents) who have not remarried are eligible. They should have been between the age of 17 to 23 years at the time of applying.

(b) Educational Qualifications :
(i) For I.M.A. and Officers’ Training Academy- Degree of a recognised University or equivalent.
(ii) For Indian Naval Academy- Degree in Engineering.
(iii) For Air Force Academy- Degree of a recognised University (with Physics and Mathematics at 10+2 level) or Bachelor of Engineering.

NOTE: Graduates with first choice as Army/Navy/Air Force are to submit proof of graduation provisional certificates on the date of commencement of the SSB Interview at the SSB. Candidates who are studying in the final year Degree course and have yet to pass the final year degree examination can also apply but they will be required to submit proof of passing the degree examination.

Combined Defense Services Examination (CDS) Selection Process: The competition exam consists of written examination followed by interview for Intelligence and personality test.

UPSC Combined Defense Services Examination (CDS) Written Exam Pattern: Paper of all subjects will have Objective type questions.

A) Exam pattern for admissions in Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Air Force Academy

Subject Max. Marks Time Alloted
English1002 hours
General Knowledge1002 hours
Elementary Mathematics 1002 hours

B) Exam pattern for admissions in Officers Training Academy

Subject Max. Marks Time Alloted
English1002 hours
General Knowledge1002 hours

NOTE: The exam will be conducted in both languages Hindi and English (except English Paper).

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for UPSC Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) Written Exam are suggested as below.

1) Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) Books (In English):

2) Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) Books (In Hindi):

These books consists of all the related topics at one place. You can buy any of these books.

Syllabus for Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) Exam :

1) ENGLISH: The question paper will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.

2) GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The Paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of a nature which Candidate should be able to answer without special study.

3) ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS ARITHMETIC: Number System-Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental Operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal, fractions. Unitary method, time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation. Elementary Number Theory- Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2, 3,4,5,9 and 11. Multiples and factors. Factorisation Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm, Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.

i) Algebra: Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M. Theory of polynomials, Solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns-analytical and graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear in equations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or in equations in two Variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions. Set language and set notation, rational expressions and conditional identities, Laws of indices.

ii) Trigonometry: Sine x, cosine x, Tangent x when 0 < x < 90 Values of sin x, cos x and tan x, for x = 0, 30, 45, 60 and 90 Simple trigonometric identities. Use of trigonometric tables. Simple cases of heights and distances.iii) Geometry: Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on
(i) Properties of angles at a Point
(ii) Parallel lines, (iii) Sides and angles of a triangle,
(iv) Congruency of triangles,
(v) Similar triangles, (vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes, (vii) Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square (viii) Circles and its properties including tangents and normal, (ix) Loci.

iv) Mensuration: Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures which Can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and Volume of spheres.

v) Statistics: Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation, frequency Polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc. Measures of central tendency.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

XLRI (Xavier Labour Relations Institute) conducts XAT (Xavier Aptitude Test) exam every year at national level for the admission in the post graduate management programs in more than 100 management institutes all over India. XLRI allows admission for the following programmes through XAT Exam:
i) PGDM (Business Management)
ii) PGDM (Human Resource Management)
iii) PGDM (Global MBA)
iv) PGDM (General Management)

Candidates can check the list of member institute and institutes that use XAT score from here.

Eligibility for XAT Exam:
– Candidates must hold a recognized bachelor’s degree of minimum three years duration in any discipline.
– Final year candidates of graduation can also apply for the exam.

XAT Exam Pattern: XAT exam is conducted in two main parts i.e. objective and subjective type. Exam will be of total 3 hours which is divided into 2 hours 20 minutes for objective section and remaining 40 minutes for subjective section. Subjective test consist of general awareness and essay writing.XAT Exam Pattern is as follows:

Test Type SectionsMax. QuestionsTime Allotted
Objective Quantitative Ability32
140 minutes
English Language & Logical Reasoning28
Decision Making25
SubjectiveGeneral Awareness & Essay3040 minutes

NOTE: Negative marking- 1/4th of the mark allotted to a question will be deducted for incorrect answer.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for XAT entrance exam are suggested as below-

1) XAT Quantitative Ability Preparation Book:

2) XAT English Language & Logical Reasoning Preparation Book:

3) XAT Decision Making Preparation Book:

4) XAT General Awareness Preparation Book:

5) XAT Previous Year Papers/ Sample Papers for practice:

XAT Exam Pattern: Syllabus of XAT exam is similar to CAT exam. There is no prescribed syllabus for the exam to refer. Candidates can refer previous year papers and mock test for better understanding of the exam. Some XAT sample papers are available here.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) conducts an exam for direct recruitment to the post of Assistant Central Intelligence Officer (ACIO), Grade-II/Executive, General Central Service, Group-‘C’ (Non-Gazetted/Non-Ministerial) in the Intelligence Bureau (IB), (Ministry of Home Affairs), Government of India. These posts ares not reserved for any categories means no reservations of physically handicapped persons.

Eligibility Required to apply for Assistant Central Intelligence Officer, ACIO Grade-II/Executive post are as below:
– Candidate should be in age between 18 to 27 years at the time of applying.
– Graduation or equivalent from a recognized University.
– Desirable qualifications- Knowledge of computers.

Intelligence Bureau ACIO Grade-II/ Executive Selection Process: The written examination for the post of ACIO-II/Exe contains two papers namely Paper I (Objective type) and Paper-II (Descriptive type on English language only). Those candidates who acquire a specific standard in the written test (Paper-I & II) will be called for the interview.

IB ACIO Grade-II/ Executive Written Exam Pattern: Paper-I will have Objective type questions whereas Paper-II will be of descriptive type on English language only.

Part Sections Time Alloted
(Objective type)
General Awareness/General Knowledge
Mathematical ability

Composite time
of 1 Hour 40 Min.
(Descriptive type)
English writing skill
Analytical capability

NOTE: – Based on the performance of the candidates in written test (Paper-I & II) and Interview, they will be selected for the post.
– No negative marking will be done on wrong questions.
– Paper-I will be conducted in both Hindi and English languages whereas Paper-II will be conducted in English language only.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for Intelligence Bureau Assistant Central Intelligence Officer (ACIO) Grade-II/ Executive Exam or IB ACIO Grade-II/ Exec. Exam are suggested as below.

1) Intelligence Bureau ACIO Grade-II/ Exec. Exam Books (In English):

2) Intelligence Bureau ACIO Grade-II/ Exec. Exam Books (In Hindi):

These books consists of all the related topics at one place. You can buy any of these books.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts an examination for selection of candidates for appointment as Special Class Railway Apprentices (SCRA) in Mechanical Department of Indian Railways every year in accordance with the Rules published by the Ministry of Railways(Railway Board) in the Gazette of India.

Required Eligibility to Apply for UPSC Special Class Railway Apprentices (SCRA) Exam:-

(i) Candidate must be between age of 17-21 years on 1st August of the year of examination.

(ii) Must have passed in the first or second division, the Intermediate or an equivalent examination of a university or board approved by the Government of India with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination. Graduates with Mathematics and atleast one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as their degree subjects may also apply.
must have passed in the first or second division, the Higher Secondary (12 years) Examination under 10 plus 2 pattern of School Education with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination.
must have passed the first year Examination under the three year degree course of a University or the first examination of the three year diploma course in Rural Service of the National Council for Rural Higher Education or the third year Examination for promotion to the 4thyear of the four year B.A./B.Sc.(Evening College) Course of the Madras University with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects. Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination provided that before joining the degree/ diploma course he/she passed the Higher Secondary Examination or the Pre-University or equivalent examination in the first or second division.

UPSC SCRA Exam Pattern: The Examination will be conducted according to the following plan:

Part I : Written Examination carrying a maximum of 600 marks in the subjects
Part II : Personality Test carrying a maximum of 200 marks in respect of only those candidates who are declared qualified on the results of Written Examination.

SCRA Paper I Written Examination Pattern

Paper Subject Max. Marks Max. Questions Time Alloted
Paper I General Ability Test (English, General Knowledge and Psychological Test)200200 2 hours
Paper II Physical Sciences (Physics and Chemistry)200200 2 hours
Paper IIIMathematics 200200 2 hours

NOTE: The papers in all the subjects will consist of Objective (multiple choice answer) Type questions only.
– The Question Papers (Test Booklets) will be set in English only.
– Question Papers will be approximately of the Intermediate standard.
– There will be penalty (Negative Marking) for wrong answers marked in the Objective Type Question Paper.

Paper II : Personality Test carrying a maximum of 200 marks in respect of only those candidates who are declared qualified on the results of written examination.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for UPSC Special Class Railway Apprentices (SCRA) are suggested as below-

SCRA Practice Paper to refer:

Above stated books consists of all the related topics as mentioned above at one place.


Paper I

(I) ENGLISH : The questions will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding and command of the language.

(II) GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: The questions will be designed to test a candidate’s general awareness of the environment around him/her and its application to society. The standard of answers to questions should be as expected of students of standard 12 or equivalent.
Man and his environment- Evolution of life, plants and animals, heredity and environment-Genetics, cells, chromosomes, genes. Knowledge of the human body-nutrition, balanced diet, substitute foods, public health and sanitation including control of epidemics and common diseases. Environmental
pollution and its control. Food adulteration, proper storage and preservation of food grains and finished products, population explosion, population control. Production of food and raw materials. Breeding of animals and plants, artificial insemination, manures and fertilizers, crop protection measures, high yielding varieties and green revolution,main cereal and cash crops of India. Solar system and the earth. Seasons, Climate, Weather, Soil—its formation, erosion.
Forests and their uses. Natural calamities cyclones, floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions. Mountains and rivers and their role in irrigation in India. Distribution of natural resources and industries in India. Exploration of under—ground minerals including Oil Conservation of natural resources with particular reference to the flora and fauna of India.
History, Politics and Society in India— Vedic, Mahavir, Budhdha, Mauryan, Sunga, Andhra, Kushan. Gupta ages (Mauryan Pillars, Stupa Caves, Sanchi, Mathura and Gandharva Schools, Temple architecture, Ajanta and Ellora). The rise of new social forces with the coming of Islam and establishment of broader contacts. Transition from feudalism to capitalism. Opening of European contacts. Establishment of British rule in India. Rise of nationalism and national struggle for freedom culminating in Independence.
Constitution of India and its characteristic features— Democracy, Secularism, Socialism, equality of opportunity and Parliamentary form of Government. Major political ideologies—Democracy, Socialism, Communism and Gandhian idea of non-violence. Indian political parties, pressure groups, public opinion and the Press, electoral system. India’s foreign policy and non-alignment-Arms race, balance of power.
World organisation — political, social, economic and cultural. Important events (including sports and cultural activities) in India and abroad during the past two years.
Broad features of Indian social system — The caste system, hierarchy — recent changes and trends. Minority social institution — marriage, family, religion and acculturation. Division of labour, co-operation, conflict and competition,
Social control — reward and punishment, art, law, customs, propaganda, public opinion, agencies of social control — family, religion, State educational institutions; factors of social change — economic, technological, demographic, cultural; the concept of revolution.
Social disorganisation in India — Casteism, communalism, corruption in public life, youth unrest, beggary, drugs, delinquency and crime, poverty and unemployment. Social planning and welfare in India, community development and labour welfare; welfare of Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes.
Money — Taxation, price, demographic trends, national income, economic growth. Private and Public Sectors; economic and non-economic factors in planning, balanced versus imbalanced growth, agricultural versus industrial development; inflation and price stabilization, problem of resource mobilisation. India’s Five Year Plans.
(iii) Psychological Test The questions will be designed to assess the basic intelligence and mechanical aptitude of the candidate.

Paper II

(I) PHYSICS: Length measurements using vernier, screw gauge, spherometer and optical lever. Measurement of time and mass.
Straight line motion and relationships among displacement, velocity and acceleration. Newton’s Laws of Motion, Momentum, impulse, work, energy and power. Coefficient of friction.
Equilibrium of bodies under action of forces. Moment of a force, couple. Newton’s Law of Gravitation. Escape velocity. Acceleration due to gravity.
Mass and Weight; Centre of gravity, Uniform circular motion, centripetal force, simple Harmonic motion. Simple pendulum.
Pressure in a fluid and its variation with depth. Pascal’s Law. Principle of Archimedes. Floating bodies, Atmospheric pressure and its measurement.
Temperature and its measurement. Thermal expansion, Gas laws and absolute temperature. Specific heat, latent heats and their measurement. Specific heat of gases.
Mechanical equivalent of heat. Internal energy and First law of thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic changes. Transmission of heat; thermal conductivity. Wave motion; Longitudinal and transverse waves. Progressive and stationary waves, Velocity of sound in gas and its dependence on various factors. Resonance phenomena (air columns and strings).
Reflection and refraction of light. Image formation by curved mirrors and lenses, Microscopes and telescopes. Defects of vision. Prisms, deviation and dispersion, Minimum deviation. Visible spectrum. Field due to a bar magnet, Magnetic moment, Elements of Earth’s magnetic field. Magnetometers. Dia, para and ferromagnetism. Electric charge, electric field and potential, Coulomb’s Law. Electric current; electric cells, e.m.f. resistance, ammeters and voltmeters. Ohm’s law; resistances in series and parallel, specific resistance and conductivity. Heating effect of current. Wheatstone’s bridge, Potentiometer.
Magnetic effect of current; straight wire, coil and solenoid electromagnet; electric bell. Force on a current-carrying conductor in magnetic field; moving coil galvanometers; conversion to ammeter or voltmeter.Chemical effects of current; Primary and storage cells and their functioning, Laws of
Electromagnetic induction; Simple A.C. and D.C. generators. Transformers, Induction coil, Cathode rays, discovery of the electron, Bohr model of the atom. Diode and its use as a rectifier Production, properties and uses of X-rays. Radioactivity; Alpha, Beta and Gamma rays. Nuclear energy; fission and fusion, conversion of mass into energy, chain reaction.

(II) CHEMISTRY: Physical Chemistry
1. Atomic structure; Earlier models in brief. Atom as at three dimensional model. Orbital concept. Quantum numbers and their significance, only elementary treatment. Pauli’s Exclusion Principle. Electronic configuration. Aufbau Principle, s.p.d. and f.block elements. Periodic classification only long form. Periodicity and electronic configuration. Atomic radii, Electro-negativity in period and groups.
2. Chemical Bonding, electro-valent, co-valent, coordinate covalent bonds. Bond Properties, sigma and Pie bonds, Shapes of simple molecules like water, hydrogen sulphide, methane and ammonium chloride. Molecular association and hydrogen bonding.
3. Energy changes in a chemical reaction. Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions. Application of First Law of Thermodynamics, Hess’s Law of constant heat summation.
4. Chemical Equilibria and rates of reactions. Law of Mass action. Effect of Pressure, Temperature and concentration on the rates of reaction. (Qualitative treatment based on Le Chatelier’s Principle). Molecularity; First and Second order reaction. Concept of Energy of activation. Application to manufacture of Ammonia and Sulphur trioxide.
5. Solutions : True solutions, colloidal solutions and suspensions. Colligative properties of dillute solutions and determination of Molecular weights of dissolved substances. Elevation of boiling points. Depressions of freezing point, osmotic pressure. Raoult’s Law (non-thermodynamic treatment only).
6. Electro-Chemistry : Solution of Electrolytes, Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis, ionic equilibria, Solubility product.
Strong and weak electrolytes. Acids and Bases (Lewis and Bronstead concept). pH and Buffer solutions.
7. Oxidation — Reduction; Modern, electronics concept and oxidation number.
8. Natural and Artificial Radioactivity: Nuclear Fission and Fusion. Uses of Radioactive isotopes.

Inorganic Chemistry
Brief Treatment of Elements and their industrially important compounds :
1. Hydrogen : Position in the periodic table. Isotopes of hydrogen. Electronegative and electropositive character. Water, hard and soft water, use of water in industries, Heavy water and its uses.
2. Group I Elements : Manufacture of sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium chloride.
3. Group II Elements : Quick and slaked lime. Gypsum, Plaster of Paris. Magnesium sulphate and Magnesia.
4. Hydroxy Compounds : Preparation, properties and uses of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary alcohols, Methanol, Ethanol, Glycerol and Phenol, Substitution reaction at aliphatic carbon atom.
5. Ethers; Diethyl ether.
6. Aldehydes and ketones : Formaldehyde, Acetaldehyde, Benzaldehyde, acetone, acetophenone.
7. Nitro compounds amines: Nitrobenzene TNT, Anlline, Diazonium Compounds, Azodyes.
8. Carboxylic acid : Formic, acetic, denezoic and salicylic acids, acetyl salicylic acid.
9. Esters : Ethylacerate, Methyl salicylates, ethylbenzoate.
10. Polymers : Polythene, Teflon, Perpex, Artificial Rubber, Nylon and Polyester fibers.
11. Nonstructural treatment of Carbohydrates, Fats and Lipids, amino acids and proteins – Vitamins and hormones.

Paper II

MATHEMATICS1. Algebra : Concept of a set, Union and Intersection of sets, Complement of a set, Null set, Universal set and Power set, Venn diagrams and simple applications. Cartesian product of two sets, relation and mapping — examples, Binary operation on a set— examples. Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers: Modulus, Argument, Algebraic operations on complex numbers. Cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers, Conversion of a decimal number to a binary number and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Summation of series involving A.P., G.P., and H.P.. Quadratic equations with real co-efficients. Quadratic expressions: extreme values. Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and its applications.
Matrices and Determinants: Types of matrices, equality, matrix addition and scalar multiplication – properties. Matrix multiplication — non-commutative and distributive property over addition. Transpose of a matrix, Determinant of a matrix. Minors and Cofactors. Properties of determinants. Singular and non-singular matrices. Adjoint and Inverse of a square-matrix, Solution of a system of linear equations in two and three
variables-elimination method, Cramers rule and Matrix inversion method (Matrices with m rows and n columns where m, n < to 3 are to be considered). Idea of a Group, Order of a Group, Abelian Group. Identitiy and inverse elements- Illustration by simple examples. 2. Trigonometry : Addition and subtraction formulae, multiple and sub-multiple angles. Product and factoringformulae. Inverse trigonometric functions — Domains, Ranges and Graphs. DeMoivre's theorem, expansion of Sin n0 and Cos n0 in a series of multiples of Sines and Cosines. Solution of simple trigonometric equations. Applications: Heights and Distance. 3. Analytic Geometry (two dimensions): Rectangular Cartesian. Coordinate system, distance between two points, equation of astraight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line. Transformation of axes. Pair of straight lines, general equation of second degree in x and y — condition to represent a pair of straight lines, point of intersection, angle between two lines. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form, equations of tangent and normal at a point, orthogonality of two cricles. Standard equations of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola — parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal at a point in both cartesian and parametric forms. 4. Differential Calculus: Concept of a real valued function — domain, range and graph. Composite functions,one to one, onto and inverse functions, algebra of real functions, examples of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits - examples. Continuity of functions - examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of a function at a point, geometrical and physical inter-pretation of a derivative - applications. Derivative of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function, chain rule. Second order derivatives. Rolle's theorem (statement only), increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima, minima, greatest and least values of a function. 5. Integral Calculus and Differential equations : Integral Calculus : Integration as inverse of differential, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expression, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals-determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves - applications. Differential equations : Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equation, solution of first order and first degree differential equation of various types - examples. Solution of second order homogeneous differential equation with constant co-efficients. 6. Vectors and its applications : Magnitude and direction of a vector, equal vectors, unit vector, zero vector, vectors in two and three dimensions, position vector. Multiplication of a vector by a scalar, sum and difference of two vectors, Parallelogram law and triangle law of addition. Multiplication of vectors — scalar product or dot product of two vectors, perpendicularity, commutative and distributive properties. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Scalar and vector triple products. Equations of a line, plane and sphere in vector form - simple problems. Area of a triangle, parallelogram and problems of plane geometry and trigonometry using vector methods. Work done by a force and moment of a force. 7. Statistics and probability : Statistics : Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution - examples. Graphical representation - Histogram, frequency polygon - examples. Measure of central tendency - mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation - determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability : Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability : classical and statistical - examples. Elementary theorems on probability - simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes' theorem - simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.Personality Test: Each candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his career both academic and extramural. They will be asked questions on matters of general interest. Special attention will be paid to assessing their potential qualities of leadership, initiative and intellectual curiosity, tact and other social qualities, mental and physical energy, power of practical application and integrity of character.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any futher queries or suggestions.

State bank of India (SBI) is the largest banking and financial services company in India by revenue, assets and market capitalization with its headquarters in Mumbai. Every year bank recruits for the post of Probationary Officers in high scale. Many candidates prepare for this exam whole year to be a part of India’s largest bank.
Bank conducts the exam in two sections:
1) Written Examination (objective and descriptive type)
2) Group Discussion & Interview

Eligibility for SBI PO Exam:
Age Limit:– Candidate must be between the age of 21 years to 30 years at the time of applying.
Educational Qualification:– Candidate should be a Graduate in any discipline from a recognized University or any equivalent qualification recognized as such by the Central Government.
– Candidates who are in the Final year of their Graduation/Semester can also apply for this exam.

1) Phase I : Written Examination

The written examination will consist of objective and descriptive type of test. The objective test will be online. Immediately after online objective test, Descriptive test will be administered. Candidates will have to answer Descriptive test on Paper/Pen mode.

Online Objective Exam Pattern is as follows:

Sr. No. Name of the Test No.of Questions Max. Marks Time Allotted
1 Reasoning (High Level) 5050
Composite time of
120 minutes
2 Data Analysis and Interpretation5050
3 General Awareness, Marketing and Computers 5050
4 English Language (Grammar, Vocabulary,
Comprehension etc.

Note:– The questions in the tests at Sr. No. 1, 2 and 3 will be printed in Hindi and English.
– Composite time for all the above tests will be Two hours (120 minutes).

– Candidates may attempt the tests / questions in any order they like. However in your interest you are advised not to spend too much time on any one of the tests because the candidates are required to qualify in the Objective Tests by securing passing marks, in each of the tests, to be decided by the Bank on the basis of the performance of all the competing candidates taken together in each test to a minimum required level for each category.

Pattern of Descriptive Paper:
This is to check your proficiency in English Knowledge. It would consist of comprehension, letter writing, essay writing, precis writing etc.

Test Max. Marks Time Allotted
English Language
(comprehension, short precis, letter writing & essay)
50 1 hour

You would be given sixty minutes time for this test. Total marks for this paper are 50.

The candidates are required to qualify in the Descriptive Test by securing passing marks, to be decided by the Bank. Descriptive Test paper of only those candidates will be evaluated who have scored qualifying marks in the Objective Tests as stated above.The merit list of written examination will be based on the aggregate of the marks obtained by the candidates in Objective and Descriptive test.

2) Phase II : Group Discussion & Interview:

The aggregate marks of candidates qualifying in both objective test and descriptive test will be arranged in descending order in each category and the candidates in order of merit, subject to 3 times the number of vacancies in each category, will be called for Group Discussion and Interview.
The qualifying marks in Group Discussion & interview will be as decided by the Bank

Sr. No. Name of the Test Total Marks
1 GD 20
2 Interview 30

Candidates have to qualify both in Phase I & II separately. Marks secured by the candidates in Written Test (out of 250 marks maximum) are converted to out of 75 and marks secured in GD & Interview (out of 50 marks maximum) are converted to out of 25.The final merit list is arrived at after aggregating converted marks of Written Test and Group Discussion & Interview out of 100 for each category.The selection will be made from the top merit ranked candidates in each category.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for their SBI PO exam are suggested as below-

1) In English:

2) In Hindi:

3) For Descriptive English Paper:

4) Computer Based Practice Test Series for SBI PO Exam:

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

In most of the competitive exams, quantitative aptitude is the main section these days whether it’s a government job entrance exam, placement exams conducted by companies in colleges, banking entrance exam, GATE, MBA entrance exam like CAT, MAT etc. Candidate need to perform perfectly in the quantitative aptitude section to get success in the exam. Not only solving the question is important but to solve it in minimum time is more important in this section. Candidates can increase there speed of question solving by practicing more and more questions.

Tips for Quantitative Aptitude preparation:
– Refer a good book (most important!)
– Practice as much questions as you can.
– Try to minimize time taken to solve each question.
– Practice every chapter. Don’t leave any chapter while practicing (by thinking it’s not important).
– After completion of a chapter take test of yourself (by choosing random 4-5 question from that chapter).
– Every week pick 15-20 questions from the completed chapters and try to do them in limited time (in this way you can review your previously done chapters and increase your speed).

Also, for good practice you need a good book, else you will keep wasting your time in practicing useless questions which are not at all important for exam point of you but there are so many books floating in the market which confuses the candidate. So here, we tried to list some of the good books for quantitative aptitude preparation. These books can help candidates to enhance their numeric ability, so that they can perform better in the exam with sure success.

1. Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations (English): This book comprehensively covers topics for the Quantitative Aptitude and Data Interpretation section of competitive exams like management entrance exams, job recruitment exams etc.

This book covers every aspect of the numerical ability section of many competitive tests. Numerous examples have been used throughout the book to illustrate the concepts and problem solving techniques. This book gives the candidates a good idea about the kind of questions asked in the exams.

2. Quantitative Aptitude for the CAT (English): These book are prepared for candidates preparing for MBA entrance exams. They consists of latest trends for CAT questions and other relate management entrance exam like XAT, SNAP, IIFT etc.

These book also consist of solved papers and mock tests.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) every year recruits young, dynamic candidates with bright academic records to join the organisation as class- I executives in following posts – Assistant Executive Engineer (AEE) Cementing, AEE Civil, AEE Drilling, AEE Electronics, AEE Electrical, AEE Environmental, AEE Instrumental, AEE Mechanical, AEE Production, AEE Reservoir, Assistant Legal Adviser, Chemist, Finance and Account Officer, Geologist, HR Executive, Medical officer, Programming officer, Security Officer and Transport Officer. The pay scale in this grade is from Rs.24,900/- to Rs.50,500/-.

Eligibility Required to apply for ONGC AEE Exam are as below:
– Age Limit: Candidate should be not be above the age of 30 years at the time of applying.
– Educational Qualification: Candidate must possess a graduate degree in the respective discipline (for which he is applying) with minimum 60% marks.
– Final year candidates of the qualifying course can also apply but their final results should be declared before their scheduled date of interview.
– Physical Standards Requirement: Minimum height of the candidate should be 168 cms.

Selection Process for ONGC AEE Exam: Eligible candidates are required to appear for a written test (objective Type) of three hours. Candidates who qualify written test are called for psychometric test sand interview. In order to qualify in the interview candidates must obtain a minimum 60% marks (Gen/OBC) and 40% (SC/ST).
The final merit list is prepared based on the weight ages assigned to various parameters as per following:

1Written60 marks
2Interview15 marks
3Qualification25 marks
TOTAL100 marks

ONGC AEE Written Exam Pattern: The written exam will be objective type having three main sections:

S.No.SectionMax. MarksMax. QuestionsTime Duration
1Concerned Subject
(Candidate’s discipline)

3 Hours

2General Awareness4040
3Aptitude Test (including-
– Reading Comprehension
– Verbal/Non-verbal Reasoning
– Numerical Ability
– Data Interpretation)

NOTE:– There will be be no negative marking.
– Exam will be in English but candidates can also opt for Hindi language.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for ONGC Assistant Executive Engineer Exam are suggested as below-

1) Best Books for ONGC AEE General Awareness:

2) Best Books for ONGC AEE Exam: Candidates can choose following books as per their discipline i.e. Mechanical, Electronics, Electrical, Instrumentation respectively.

Books for other disciplines like Production, Civil, Finance & Accounts and Human Resource respectively.

Syllabus for ONGC AEE Exam: The syllabus of the test paper will be as per UPSC standard of IES for engineering subjects, Civil services for management discipline and M.Sc. levels for others.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

Institute of Banking Personnel Selection IBPS or Institute of Banking Personnel Selection acquired independent status in 1984. The credit to the initiative goes to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Nationalized Banks.Prior to 1984, the institute was a unit of National Institute of Bank Management (NIBM) and was called Personnel Selection Services (PSS).
IBPS has a mandate from nineteen Public Sector Banks to conduct the eligibility exam for selection to these banks. IBPS conducts Common Recruitment Process (CWE) is accepted by nineteen nationalized banks in India. Common Recruitment Process- CWE, Common Interview and provisional allotment for recruitment of Clerical cadre posts in Participating Organisations has the approval of the appropriate authorities.

List of banks that accept CWE-

1) Allahabad Bank
2) Andhra Bank
3) Bank of Baroda
4) Bank of India
5) Bank of Maharashtra
6) Canara Bank
7) Central Bank of India
8) Corporation Bank
9) Dena Bank
10) Indian Bank
11) Indian Overseas Bank
12) Oriental Bank of Commerce
13) Punjab National Bank
14) Punjab & Sind Bank
15) Syndicate Bank
16) Union Bank of India
17) National Bank
18) UCO Bank
19) Vijaya Bank

Eligibility Required: Eligibility required to apply for IBPS Clerk is as follows:
Age Limit: Candidate must be between the age of 20 years to 28 years at the time of applying.
Educational Qualification: Candidate must be a Graduate in any discipline from a University recognised by the Govt. Of India or any equivalent qualification recognized as such by the Central Government.
– Proficiency in the Official Language of the State/UT (candidates should know how to read/ write and speak the Official Language of the State/UT) for which vacancies a candidate wishes to apply is preferable.

IBPS Clerk Exam Pattern: IBPS Clerk Examination which is conducted online has total 200 questions from different sections which are as follows:
Online Objective Exam Pattern is as follows:

Sr. No. Name of the Test Max. Marks Time Allotted
1 Reasoning 40
Composite time
2 Hours
2 English Language 40
3 Numerical Ability 40
4 General Awareness
(with special reference to Banking Industry)
5 Computer Knowledge40

NOTE: The above tests except the Test of English Language will be available bilingually, i.e. English and Hindi.
Negative Marking: For each wrong answer question by the candidate one fourth or 0.25 of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.

Candidates shortlisted in the examination will be called for the interview which is common for all the banks.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for their exams are suggested as below-

1) For General Awareness Preparation

2) For English Language Preparation

3) For Numerical Ability Preparation

4) For Logical Reasoning Preparation

4) For Computer Knowledge Preparation

Apart from these books, candidate can also refer previous year papers and CD based Test Series for practicing online for the IBPS Clerk exam.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.