UPSC

Combined Medical Services Examination (CMS Exam) is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for recruitment of the post of Medical Officer in various organizations working under the Government of India. CMS Exam is conducted once every year by UPSC.

Eligibility Required to apply are as below:
– Age Limit: Candidates applying for this examination must not have attained the age of 32 years at the time of applying.
– Educational Qualification:For admission to the examination a candidate should have passed the written and practical parts of the final M.B.B.S. Examination.
NOTE:- A candidate who has appeared or has yet to appear at the final M.B.B.S. Examination may also apply.
– A candidate who has yet to complete the compulsory rotating internship is educationally eligible for admission to the examination but on selection he/she will be appointed only after he/she has completed the compulsory rotating internship.

Combined Medical Services Examination (CMS) Exam Pattern: The CMS examination will be conducted in two parts- written examination (500 marks) followed by personality test (100 Marks).

CMS Written Exam Pattern : The candidates will take the written examination in two Papers, each Paper carrying a maximum of 250 marks. Each Paper will be of two hours duration.

Paper Subject Max. QuestionsTime Alloted
01General Ability
General Medicine
Paediatrics
30
70
20
2 Hours
02Surgery
Gynecology & Obstetrics
Preventive & Social Medicine
40
40
40
2 Hours

NOTE:– The written examination in both the papers will be completely of objective (Multiple choice answer) type. The question Papers (Test Booklets) will be set in English only.
– Negative Marking will be done for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the objective type questions.

CMS Personality Test :Candidates who qualify in the written examination will be called for Interview/ Personality Test to be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. The Interview/Personality Test will carry 100 marks. The interview for Personality Test will be intended to serve as a supplement to the written examination for testing the General Knowledge and ability of the candidates in the fields of their academic study and also in the nature of a personality test to assess the candidate’s intellectual curiosity, critical powers of assimilation, balance of judgment and alertness of mind, ability for social cohesion, integrity of character, initiative and capability for leadership.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for UPSC Combined Medical Services Examination or CMS Examination are suggested as below.

These books consists of all the related topics at one place.

Syllabus For UPSC Combined Medical Services Examination (CMS) Examination:

Syllabus of Paper-I:
(a) General Ability
(i) Indian Society, Heritage and Culture, Polity, Economy, Human Development Indices and the Development Programmes;
(ii) Natural Resources, their distribution, exploitation, conservation and related issues;
(iii) Basic concepts of Ecology and Environment and their impact on health and economy;
(iv) Impact of changing demographic trends on health, environment and society;
(v) Indian Agriculture, Industry, Trade, Transportation and Service Sectors;
(vi) Natural and man made disasters and their management;
(vii) Food adulteration, Food processing, food distribution, food storage and their relevance to public health;
(viii)Recent trends in Science and Technology.
(b) General Medicine (General Medicine including Cardiology, Neurology, Dermatology and Psychiatry)
(i) Cardiology
(ii) Respiratory diseases
(iii) Gastro-intestinal
(iv) Genito-Urinary
(v) Neurology
(vi) Hematology
(vii) Endocrinology
(viii)Metabolic disorders
(ix) Infections/Communicable Diseases
a) Virus
b) Rickets
c) Bacterial
d) Spirochetal
e) Protozoan
f) Metazoan
g) Fungus
(x) Nutrition/Growth
(xi) Diseases of the skin (Dermatology)
(xii) Musculoskelatal System
(xiii)Psychiatry
(xiv)General
(c) Paediatrics

Syllabus of Paper – II
(a) Surgery (Surgery including ENT, Opthalmology, Traumatology and Orthopaedics)
I General Surgery
i) Wounds
ii) Infections
iii) Tumours
iv) Lymphatic
v) Blood vessels
vi) Cysts/sinuses
vii) Head and neck
viii) Breast
ix) Alimentary tract
a) Oesophagus
b) Stomach
c) Intestines
d) Anus
e) Developmental
x) Liver, Bile, Pancreas
xi) Spleen
xii) Peritoneum
xiii) Abdominal wall
xiv) Abdominal injuries
II Urological Surgery
III Neuro Surgery
IV Otorhinolaryngology E.N.T.
V Thoracic surgery
VI Orthopedic surgery
VII Ophthalmology
VIII Anesthesiology
IX Traumatology
(b) GYNAECOLOGY & OBSTETRICS
I OBSTETRICS
i) Ante-natal conditions
ii) Intra-natal conditions
iii) Post-natal conditions
iv) Management of normal labours or complicated labour
II GYNAECOLOGY
i) Questions on applied anatomy
ii) Questions on applied physiology of menstruation and fertilization
iii) Questions on infections in genital tract
iv) Questions on neoplasma in the genital tract
v) Questions on displacement of the uterus
III FAMILY PLANNING
i) Conventional contraceptives
ii) U.D. and oral pills
iii) Operative procedure, sterilization and organization of programmes in the urban and rural surroundings
iv) Medical Termination of Pregnancy
(c) PREVENTIVE SOCIAL AND COMMUNITY MEDICINE
I) Social and Community Medicine
II) Concept of Health, Disease and Preventive Medicine
III) Health Administration and Planning
IV) General Epidemiology
V) Demography and Health Statistics
VI) Communicable Diseases
VII) Environmental Health
VIII) Nutrition and Health
IX) Non-communicable diseases
X) Occupational Health
XI) Genetics and Health
XII) International Health
XIII) Medical Sociology and Health Education
XIV) Maternal and Child Health
XV) National Programmes

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

A Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) twice every year for recruitment of candidates for admission to the undermentioned courses: Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and Officers Training Academy.

Eligibility Required :
(a) Age Limits, Sex and Marital Status :
(i) For IMA- Unmarried male candidates between the age of 17 to 22 years only are eligible to apply.
(ii) For Indian Naval Academy- Unmarried male candidates between the age of 17 to 22 years are eligible to apply.
(iii) For Air Force Academy- Unmarried male candidates between the age of 20 to 24 years at the time of applying are eligible.
(iv) For Officers’ Training Academy- (SSC Course for Men) : Male candidates(married or unmarried) between the age of 17 to 23 years only are eligible.
(v) For Officers Training Academy -(SSC Women Non-Technical Course) : Unmarried Women, issue less widows who have not remarried and issue less divorcees (in possession of divorce documents) who have not remarried are eligible. They should have been between the age of 17 to 23 years at the time of applying.

(b) Educational Qualifications :
(i) For I.M.A. and Officers’ Training Academy- Degree of a recognised University or equivalent.
(ii) For Indian Naval Academy- Degree in Engineering.
(iii) For Air Force Academy- Degree of a recognised University (with Physics and Mathematics at 10+2 level) or Bachelor of Engineering.

NOTE: Graduates with first choice as Army/Navy/Air Force are to submit proof of graduation provisional certificates on the date of commencement of the SSB Interview at the SSB. Candidates who are studying in the final year Degree course and have yet to pass the final year degree examination can also apply but they will be required to submit proof of passing the degree examination.

Combined Defense Services Examination (CDS) Selection Process: The competition exam consists of written examination followed by interview for Intelligence and personality test.

UPSC Combined Defense Services Examination (CDS) Written Exam Pattern: Paper of all subjects will have Objective type questions.

A) Exam pattern for admissions in Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Air Force Academy

Subject Max. Marks Time Alloted
English1002 hours
General Knowledge1002 hours
Elementary Mathematics 1002 hours

B) Exam pattern for admissions in Officers Training Academy

Subject Max. Marks Time Alloted
English1002 hours
General Knowledge1002 hours

NOTE: The exam will be conducted in both languages Hindi and English (except English Paper).

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for UPSC Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) Written Exam are suggested as below.

1) Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) Books (In English):

2) Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) Books (In Hindi):

These books consists of all the related topics at one place. You can buy any of these books.

Syllabus for Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) Exam :

1) ENGLISH: The question paper will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.

2) GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The Paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of a nature which Candidate should be able to answer without special study.

3) ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS ARITHMETIC: Number System-Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental Operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal, fractions. Unitary method, time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation. Elementary Number Theory- Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2, 3,4,5,9 and 11. Multiples and factors. Factorisation Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm, Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.

i) Algebra: Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M. Theory of polynomials, Solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns-analytical and graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear in equations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or in equations in two Variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions. Set language and set notation, rational expressions and conditional identities, Laws of indices.

ii) Trigonometry: Sine x, cosine x, Tangent x when 0 < x < 90 Values of sin x, cos x and tan x, for x = 0, 30, 45, 60 and 90 Simple trigonometric identities. Use of trigonometric tables. Simple cases of heights and distances.iii) Geometry: Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on
(i) Properties of angles at a Point
(ii) Parallel lines, (iii) Sides and angles of a triangle,
(iv) Congruency of triangles,
(v) Similar triangles, (vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes, (vii) Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square (viii) Circles and its properties including tangents and normal, (ix) Loci.

iv) Mensuration: Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures which Can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and Volume of spheres.

v) Statistics: Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation, frequency Polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc. Measures of central tendency.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts an examination for selection of candidates for appointment as Special Class Railway Apprentices (SCRA) in Mechanical Department of Indian Railways every year in accordance with the Rules published by the Ministry of Railways(Railway Board) in the Gazette of India.

Required Eligibility to Apply for UPSC Special Class Railway Apprentices (SCRA) Exam:-

(i) Candidate must be between age of 17-21 years on 1st August of the year of examination.

(ii) Must have passed in the first or second division, the Intermediate or an equivalent examination of a university or board approved by the Government of India with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination. Graduates with Mathematics and atleast one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as their degree subjects may also apply.
OR
must have passed in the first or second division, the Higher Secondary (12 years) Examination under 10 plus 2 pattern of School Education with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination.
OR
must have passed the first year Examination under the three year degree course of a University or the first examination of the three year diploma course in Rural Service of the National Council for Rural Higher Education or the third year Examination for promotion to the 4thyear of the four year B.A./B.Sc.(Evening College) Course of the Madras University with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects. Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination provided that before joining the degree/ diploma course he/she passed the Higher Secondary Examination or the Pre-University or equivalent examination in the first or second division.

UPSC SCRA Exam Pattern: The Examination will be conducted according to the following plan:

Part I : Written Examination carrying a maximum of 600 marks in the subjects
Part II : Personality Test carrying a maximum of 200 marks in respect of only those candidates who are declared qualified on the results of Written Examination.

SCRA Paper I Written Examination Pattern

Paper Subject Max. Marks Max. Questions Time Alloted
Paper I General Ability Test (English, General Knowledge and Psychological Test)200200 2 hours
Paper II Physical Sciences (Physics and Chemistry)200200 2 hours
Paper IIIMathematics 200200 2 hours

NOTE: The papers in all the subjects will consist of Objective (multiple choice answer) Type questions only.
– The Question Papers (Test Booklets) will be set in English only.
– Question Papers will be approximately of the Intermediate standard.
– There will be penalty (Negative Marking) for wrong answers marked in the Objective Type Question Paper.

Paper II : Personality Test carrying a maximum of 200 marks in respect of only those candidates who are declared qualified on the results of written examination.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for UPSC Special Class Railway Apprentices (SCRA) are suggested as below-

SCRA Practice Paper to refer:

Above stated books consists of all the related topics as mentioned above at one place.

SYLLABUS FOR UPSC SCRA RECRUITMENT EXAMINATION

Paper I

(I) ENGLISH : The questions will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding and command of the language.

(II) GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: The questions will be designed to test a candidate’s general awareness of the environment around him/her and its application to society. The standard of answers to questions should be as expected of students of standard 12 or equivalent.
Man and his environment- Evolution of life, plants and animals, heredity and environment-Genetics, cells, chromosomes, genes. Knowledge of the human body-nutrition, balanced diet, substitute foods, public health and sanitation including control of epidemics and common diseases. Environmental
pollution and its control. Food adulteration, proper storage and preservation of food grains and finished products, population explosion, population control. Production of food and raw materials. Breeding of animals and plants, artificial insemination, manures and fertilizers, crop protection measures, high yielding varieties and green revolution,main cereal and cash crops of India. Solar system and the earth. Seasons, Climate, Weather, Soil—its formation, erosion.
Forests and their uses. Natural calamities cyclones, floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions. Mountains and rivers and their role in irrigation in India. Distribution of natural resources and industries in India. Exploration of under—ground minerals including Oil Conservation of natural resources with particular reference to the flora and fauna of India.
History, Politics and Society in India— Vedic, Mahavir, Budhdha, Mauryan, Sunga, Andhra, Kushan. Gupta ages (Mauryan Pillars, Stupa Caves, Sanchi, Mathura and Gandharva Schools, Temple architecture, Ajanta and Ellora). The rise of new social forces with the coming of Islam and establishment of broader contacts. Transition from feudalism to capitalism. Opening of European contacts. Establishment of British rule in India. Rise of nationalism and national struggle for freedom culminating in Independence.
Constitution of India and its characteristic features— Democracy, Secularism, Socialism, equality of opportunity and Parliamentary form of Government. Major political ideologies—Democracy, Socialism, Communism and Gandhian idea of non-violence. Indian political parties, pressure groups, public opinion and the Press, electoral system. India’s foreign policy and non-alignment-Arms race, balance of power.
World organisation — political, social, economic and cultural. Important events (including sports and cultural activities) in India and abroad during the past two years.
Broad features of Indian social system — The caste system, hierarchy — recent changes and trends. Minority social institution — marriage, family, religion and acculturation. Division of labour, co-operation, conflict and competition,
Social control — reward and punishment, art, law, customs, propaganda, public opinion, agencies of social control — family, religion, State educational institutions; factors of social change — economic, technological, demographic, cultural; the concept of revolution.
Social disorganisation in India — Casteism, communalism, corruption in public life, youth unrest, beggary, drugs, delinquency and crime, poverty and unemployment. Social planning and welfare in India, community development and labour welfare; welfare of Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes.
Money — Taxation, price, demographic trends, national income, economic growth. Private and Public Sectors; economic and non-economic factors in planning, balanced versus imbalanced growth, agricultural versus industrial development; inflation and price stabilization, problem of resource mobilisation. India’s Five Year Plans.
(iii) Psychological Test The questions will be designed to assess the basic intelligence and mechanical aptitude of the candidate.

Paper II

(I) PHYSICS: Length measurements using vernier, screw gauge, spherometer and optical lever. Measurement of time and mass.
Straight line motion and relationships among displacement, velocity and acceleration. Newton’s Laws of Motion, Momentum, impulse, work, energy and power. Coefficient of friction.
Equilibrium of bodies under action of forces. Moment of a force, couple. Newton’s Law of Gravitation. Escape velocity. Acceleration due to gravity.
Mass and Weight; Centre of gravity, Uniform circular motion, centripetal force, simple Harmonic motion. Simple pendulum.
Pressure in a fluid and its variation with depth. Pascal’s Law. Principle of Archimedes. Floating bodies, Atmospheric pressure and its measurement.
Temperature and its measurement. Thermal expansion, Gas laws and absolute temperature. Specific heat, latent heats and their measurement. Specific heat of gases.
Mechanical equivalent of heat. Internal energy and First law of thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic changes. Transmission of heat; thermal conductivity. Wave motion; Longitudinal and transverse waves. Progressive and stationary waves, Velocity of sound in gas and its dependence on various factors. Resonance phenomena (air columns and strings).
Reflection and refraction of light. Image formation by curved mirrors and lenses, Microscopes and telescopes. Defects of vision. Prisms, deviation and dispersion, Minimum deviation. Visible spectrum. Field due to a bar magnet, Magnetic moment, Elements of Earth’s magnetic field. Magnetometers. Dia, para and ferromagnetism. Electric charge, electric field and potential, Coulomb’s Law. Electric current; electric cells, e.m.f. resistance, ammeters and voltmeters. Ohm’s law; resistances in series and parallel, specific resistance and conductivity. Heating effect of current. Wheatstone’s bridge, Potentiometer.
Magnetic effect of current; straight wire, coil and solenoid electromagnet; electric bell. Force on a current-carrying conductor in magnetic field; moving coil galvanometers; conversion to ammeter or voltmeter.Chemical effects of current; Primary and storage cells and their functioning, Laws of
electrolysis.
Electromagnetic induction; Simple A.C. and D.C. generators. Transformers, Induction coil, Cathode rays, discovery of the electron, Bohr model of the atom. Diode and its use as a rectifier Production, properties and uses of X-rays. Radioactivity; Alpha, Beta and Gamma rays. Nuclear energy; fission and fusion, conversion of mass into energy, chain reaction.

(II) CHEMISTRY: Physical Chemistry
1. Atomic structure; Earlier models in brief. Atom as at three dimensional model. Orbital concept. Quantum numbers and their significance, only elementary treatment. Pauli’s Exclusion Principle. Electronic configuration. Aufbau Principle, s.p.d. and f.block elements. Periodic classification only long form. Periodicity and electronic configuration. Atomic radii, Electro-negativity in period and groups.
2. Chemical Bonding, electro-valent, co-valent, coordinate covalent bonds. Bond Properties, sigma and Pie bonds, Shapes of simple molecules like water, hydrogen sulphide, methane and ammonium chloride. Molecular association and hydrogen bonding.
3. Energy changes in a chemical reaction. Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions. Application of First Law of Thermodynamics, Hess’s Law of constant heat summation.
4. Chemical Equilibria and rates of reactions. Law of Mass action. Effect of Pressure, Temperature and concentration on the rates of reaction. (Qualitative treatment based on Le Chatelier’s Principle). Molecularity; First and Second order reaction. Concept of Energy of activation. Application to manufacture of Ammonia and Sulphur trioxide.
5. Solutions : True solutions, colloidal solutions and suspensions. Colligative properties of dillute solutions and determination of Molecular weights of dissolved substances. Elevation of boiling points. Depressions of freezing point, osmotic pressure. Raoult’s Law (non-thermodynamic treatment only).
6. Electro-Chemistry : Solution of Electrolytes, Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis, ionic equilibria, Solubility product.
Strong and weak electrolytes. Acids and Bases (Lewis and Bronstead concept). pH and Buffer solutions.
7. Oxidation — Reduction; Modern, electronics concept and oxidation number.
8. Natural and Artificial Radioactivity: Nuclear Fission and Fusion. Uses of Radioactive isotopes.

Inorganic Chemistry
Brief Treatment of Elements and their industrially important compounds :
1. Hydrogen : Position in the periodic table. Isotopes of hydrogen. Electronegative and electropositive character. Water, hard and soft water, use of water in industries, Heavy water and its uses.
2. Group I Elements : Manufacture of sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium chloride.
3. Group II Elements : Quick and slaked lime. Gypsum, Plaster of Paris. Magnesium sulphate and Magnesia.
4. Hydroxy Compounds : Preparation, properties and uses of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary alcohols, Methanol, Ethanol, Glycerol and Phenol, Substitution reaction at aliphatic carbon atom.
5. Ethers; Diethyl ether.
6. Aldehydes and ketones : Formaldehyde, Acetaldehyde, Benzaldehyde, acetone, acetophenone.
7. Nitro compounds amines: Nitrobenzene TNT, Anlline, Diazonium Compounds, Azodyes.
8. Carboxylic acid : Formic, acetic, denezoic and salicylic acids, acetyl salicylic acid.
9. Esters : Ethylacerate, Methyl salicylates, ethylbenzoate.
10. Polymers : Polythene, Teflon, Perpex, Artificial Rubber, Nylon and Polyester fibers.
11. Nonstructural treatment of Carbohydrates, Fats and Lipids, amino acids and proteins – Vitamins and hormones.

Paper II

MATHEMATICS1. Algebra : Concept of a set, Union and Intersection of sets, Complement of a set, Null set, Universal set and Power set, Venn diagrams and simple applications. Cartesian product of two sets, relation and mapping — examples, Binary operation on a set— examples. Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers: Modulus, Argument, Algebraic operations on complex numbers. Cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers, Conversion of a decimal number to a binary number and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Summation of series involving A.P., G.P., and H.P.. Quadratic equations with real co-efficients. Quadratic expressions: extreme values. Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and its applications.
Matrices and Determinants: Types of matrices, equality, matrix addition and scalar multiplication – properties. Matrix multiplication — non-commutative and distributive property over addition. Transpose of a matrix, Determinant of a matrix. Minors and Cofactors. Properties of determinants. Singular and non-singular matrices. Adjoint and Inverse of a square-matrix, Solution of a system of linear equations in two and three
variables-elimination method, Cramers rule and Matrix inversion method (Matrices with m rows and n columns where m, n < to 3 are to be considered). Idea of a Group, Order of a Group, Abelian Group. Identitiy and inverse elements- Illustration by simple examples. 2. Trigonometry : Addition and subtraction formulae, multiple and sub-multiple angles. Product and factoringformulae. Inverse trigonometric functions — Domains, Ranges and Graphs. DeMoivre's theorem, expansion of Sin n0 and Cos n0 in a series of multiples of Sines and Cosines. Solution of simple trigonometric equations. Applications: Heights and Distance. 3. Analytic Geometry (two dimensions): Rectangular Cartesian. Coordinate system, distance between two points, equation of astraight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line. Transformation of axes. Pair of straight lines, general equation of second degree in x and y — condition to represent a pair of straight lines, point of intersection, angle between two lines. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form, equations of tangent and normal at a point, orthogonality of two cricles. Standard equations of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola — parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal at a point in both cartesian and parametric forms. 4. Differential Calculus: Concept of a real valued function — domain, range and graph. Composite functions,one to one, onto and inverse functions, algebra of real functions, examples of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits - examples. Continuity of functions - examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of a function at a point, geometrical and physical inter-pretation of a derivative - applications. Derivative of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function, chain rule. Second order derivatives. Rolle's theorem (statement only), increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima, minima, greatest and least values of a function. 5. Integral Calculus and Differential equations : Integral Calculus : Integration as inverse of differential, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expression, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals-determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves - applications. Differential equations : Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equation, solution of first order and first degree differential equation of various types - examples. Solution of second order homogeneous differential equation with constant co-efficients. 6. Vectors and its applications : Magnitude and direction of a vector, equal vectors, unit vector, zero vector, vectors in two and three dimensions, position vector. Multiplication of a vector by a scalar, sum and difference of two vectors, Parallelogram law and triangle law of addition. Multiplication of vectors — scalar product or dot product of two vectors, perpendicularity, commutative and distributive properties. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Scalar and vector triple products. Equations of a line, plane and sphere in vector form - simple problems. Area of a triangle, parallelogram and problems of plane geometry and trigonometry using vector methods. Work done by a force and moment of a force. 7. Statistics and probability : Statistics : Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution - examples. Graphical representation - Histogram, frequency polygon - examples. Measure of central tendency - mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation - determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability : Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability : classical and statistical - examples. Elementary theorems on probability - simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes' theorem - simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.Personality Test: Each candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his career both academic and extramural. They will be asked questions on matters of general interest. Special attention will be paid to assessing their potential qualities of leadership, initiative and intellectual curiosity, tact and other social qualities, mental and physical energy, power of practical application and integrity of character.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any futher queries or suggestions.

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) holds the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA) Examination every year for admission of the candidates in large quantity to the Army, Navy and Air Force wing of the NDA and Naval Academy.
Only Unmarried male candidates are eligible to apply for these posts. The candidates who got selected for joining Indian Naval Academy would undergo 4 years B.Tech course and would be given an opportunity to join Executive and Technical Branches of the Navy subject to availability of vacancies.

Educational Qualification Required to apply for this post are as below:

  • for Army : 12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
  • For Air Force, Navy and Naval Academy : 12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University with Physics and Mathematics subjects
  • Physical Standards: Candidates must be physically fit according to the Regulations given in notice.

Note: Candidates appearing in 11th standard are not eligible to apply for the posts, whereas the candidates who are pursuing 12th standard or equivalent (yet not completed) are eligible to apply.

UPSC National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA) Exam Pattern: The subjects of the written examination, the time allowed and the maximum marks allotted to each subject is as follows:

Code Subject Max. Marks Time Alloted
01 Mathematics 300 2.5 hours
02General Ability Test
Part A- English(200 marks)
Part B- Gen Knowledge(400marks)
600 2.5 hours

NOTE:

  • All papers in all subjects will consist of Objective Type Questions only.
  • Both the papers will be set in Hindi as well as English (both).
  • General Ability Test will consist of two parts:
    Part A – English carrying 200 marks.
    Part B – General Knowledge carrying 400marks.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for UPSC National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA) Exam are suggested as below-

In English & Hindi:

Previous year solved papers for practice are as below:

These books consists of all the related topics at one place.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts Indian Forest Services Exam or IFS exam every year for recruitment to forestry services of India. For qualifying UPSC IFS exam candidates have to clear two exams and an interview. Candidates who qualify UPSC Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam, can appear for second stage exam which is Indian Forest Service (Main) written Exam followed by interview.

Educational Qualification Required for UPSC IFS Exam to apply are as below:
Age Limit: Candidate must be between age of 21-30 years on 1st July of the year of examination.
– Candidate must hold a Bachelor’s degree with at least one of the subjects stated, Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics, Statistics and Zoology or a Bachelor’s degree in Agriculture or Forestry or Engineering of a recognized university or equivalent.
– Candidates appearing at their degree examination (with prescribed subjects) are also eligible to compete.

UPSC Indian Forest Service Examination or UPSC IFS Exam Pattern: Eligible candidates will be required to appear for a Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam (Objective type) Exam. After qualifying it Candidates will appear in Indian Forest Service (Main) Written Exam followed by an Interview.

IFS Exam consists of two stages:
1) Civil Services Preliminary Exam (Objective Type)
2) Main Examination (Written and Interview)

1) UPSC Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam Pattern: This exam consists of Objective type questions and it will comprise of two mandatory papers of 200 marks each. Candidates will be given two hours duration for the exam.

Paper Subject Sections Max. Marks Time Alloted
01General Studies
(GS)
– Environment (Environmental Ecology,
Bio-diversity, Climate Change)
– Geography
– General Science
– Economics
– Indian History / Politics

200

2 hours
02Civil Service
Aptitude Test
(CSAT)
– Comprehension
– English Language Comprehension
– Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability
– General Mental Ability & Basic Numeracy
– Decision Making & Interpersonal Skills

200

2 hours

NOTE: The question papers will be in both languages i.e. Hindi and English except English Language Comprehension section in Paper II.

2) UPSC Indian Forest Service (Main) Exam Pattern: The IFS main Examination will consist of written examination and an interview test. The written examination consisting of the following papers.

Paper Subject Max. Marks
01General English300
02General Knowledge300
03Any two subjects to be selected
from the list of optional subjects.
Each subject will have two papers.
200
04200
05200
06200
TOTAL1400

NOTE: All Question Papers will be set in English only.

Candidates have to choose their optional subjects from the subjects listed below:

List of Optional Subjects
Agriculture
Agricultural Engineering
Animal Husbandary & Veterinary Science
Botany
Chemistry
Chemical Engineering
Civil Engineering
Forestry
Geology
Mathematics
Mechanical Engineering
Physics
Statistics
Zoology

NOTE: Candidates can not make following combination of subjects :
(a) Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering
(b) Agriculture and Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
(c) Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
(d) Mathematics and Statistics
(e) Of the Engineering subjects viz. Agricultural Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering – not more than one subject.

3) UPSC Indian Forest Service Interview Pattern: The maximum marks for interview 300 marks. Candidates have to present their academic knowledge of the opted subject to the interviewer.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for Indian Forest Service (IFS) Exam are suggested as below.

Books for UPSC IFS Main Exam SubjectsYou can choose according to your optional subjects – Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Botany, Animal Husbandary & Veterinary Science, Agriculture respectively.

These books consists of all the related topics at one place.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts Engineering Service Exam also known as Indian Engineering Service (IES) examination every year for the recruitment under the post of Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering. Notification of the examination is released between January/February month every year and the exam is held in June/July month at centers across India. In ESE Exam, there are objective as well as conventional (descriptive) papers. One paper for GA (General Ability) is part of the assessment system apart from the engineering subject of the candidate. The entire technical subject is divided into four papers (Papers II, III, IV & V). There is negative marking penalty on wrong answers. There is a three-day schedule of the written examination, comprising all five written examinations. ESE is considered as the toughest exam in India and among the toughest in the world due to less number of posts. Group of posts which come under individual categories are as follows:

CATEGORY I
CIVIL ENGINEERING
CATEGORY II
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
CATEGORY III
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
CATEGORY IV
ELECTRONICS & TELECOMMUNICATION
ENGINEERING
– Indian Railway Service of Engineers.
– Indian Railway Stores Services (Civil Engineering Posts).
– Central Engineering Service
– Indian Defense Service of Engineers (Civil Engineering Posts).
– Indian Ordnance Factories Services
– Central Water Engineering Gr. ‘A’ Service (Civil Engineering Posts)
– Central Engineering Service (Roads) Group-A. (Civil Engg. Posts)
– Assistant Executive Engineer (Civil Engineering Post) (in Border Roads Engineering Service Gr. ‘A’)
– Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers.
– Indian Railway Stores Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
– Central Water Engineering Gr.’A’ service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
– Central Power Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
– Indian Ordnance Factories Service.
– Indian Naval Armament Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
– Assistant Executive Engineer Group’A’ (Mech. Engg. Posts) in the corps of EME, Ministry of Defense.
– Assistant Navel Stores Officer, Grade I (Mechanical Engineering Posts) in Indian Navy.
– Central Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
– Assistant Executive Engineer (Electrical and Mechanical) [Mechanical Engineering post] in Border Roads Engineering Service Group ‘A’).
– Indian Supply Service, Group ‘A’ (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
– Indian Defense Service of Engineers (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
– Central Engineering Service (Roads) Group ‘A’ [Mechanical Engg. posts].
– Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers.
– Indian Railway Stores Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).
– Central Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Service (Electrical Engg. Posts).
– Indian Naval Armament Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)
– Indian Ordnance Factories Service.
– Central Power Engineering Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).
– Indian Defence Service of Engineers (Electrical Engineering Posts).
– Assistant Naval Stores Officer, Grade-I (Electrical Engineering Posts) in Indian Navy.
– Assistant Executive Engineer Gr ‘A’ (Electrical Engineering Posts) in Corps of EME, Min. of Defence.
– Indian Supply Service (JTS Gr ‘A’ ) (Electrical Engineering Posts)
– Indian Inspection Service (Asst. Dir. Grade-I)
– Indian Railway Services of Signal Engineering.
– Indian Railway Stores Service (Telecommunication/ Electronics Engineering Posts).
– Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics Engineering Posts).
– Assistant Executive Engineer Group’A’ (Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence.
– Central Power Engg. Service, Group ‘A’ [Electronics and Tele Communication Engg. Service]
– Engineer (GCS-Gr-‘A’) in Wireless Planning and Co-ordination Wing/Monitor ing Organisation. (M/o Communications & I.T., D/o Telecommunications).
– Assistant Naval Stores Officer Grade-I Electronics & Telecom Engineering Posts) in Indian Navy.
– Indian Supply Service, Group ‘A’ (Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Posts).
– Indian Inspection Service Group ‘A’ [Electronics and Telecommunication Engg. Posts].
– Indian Telecommunication Service Gr. ‘A’.
– Junior Telecom officer [General Central Service Group ‘B’ Gazetted Non Ministerial].

UPSC IES Eligibility Criteria: Candidates must fulfill following eligibility criteria to apply for IES posts-
Age Limits: Candidate must be between the age of 21 to 30 years at the time of applying.
Education Qualification: Candidate must have a degree in Engineering from a University incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or declared to be deemed as Universities under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act.
– Candidate who has appeared at an examination the passing of which would render him educationally qualified for this examination, but has not been informed of the result, may apply for admission to the examination i.e. Final year candidates can apply.

UPSC Indian Engineering Service (IES) Examination Pattern: UPSC IES Exam selection process consist of two main parts i.e. written exam followed by personality test carrying a maximum of 200 marks.

UPSC IES Written Examination Pattern: IES Written Examination comprise of two sections—Section I consists only of objective types of questions and Section II of conventional papers. Both Sections covers the entire syllabus of the relevant engineering disciplines i.e. Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical, Engineering and Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering. The details of the written Examination is as below:

Section Subject PartsMax. Marks Time Allotted

Section-I
Objective Papers
General Ability Test
Part A: General English
Part B: General Studies
2002 hours
Engineering
Choose any one: (Civil/Electrical/
Mechanical/Elec. & Telecom)
Paper-I
Paper-II
200
200
2 hours
2 hours
Section II
Conventional Papers
Engineering
Choose any one: (Civil/Electrical/
Mechanical/Elec. & Telecom)
Paper-I
Paper-II
200
200
3 hours
3 hours

NOTE: Candidates have to appear only in their relative discipline Engineering exam Paper I and Paper II in both the sections(Objective Papers / Conventional Papers).
– Conventional papers must be answered in English. Question papers will be set in English only.
– Deduction upto 5 per cent of the maximum marks for the written papers will be made for illegible handwriting.
– Negative Marking will be done for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the Objective Type Question Papers.

UPSC IES Personality Test Pattern: Personality Test will be of 200 marks. During the personality test special attention will be paid to assessing the candidate’s capacity for leadership, initiative and intellectual curiosity, tact and other social qualities, mental and physical energy, powers of practical application and integrity of character.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for UPSC Indian Engineering Service (IES) Exam or UPSC IES exam are suggested as below-

Books For UPSC Indian Engineering Service (IES) Exam Preparation :

1) Book for UPSC IES Exam – General English, General Studies:

2) Book for UPSC IES Exam – Objective Engineering (Paper I): Electronics & Telecommunication, Electrical, Mechanical & Civil Engineering respectively.

3) Book for UPSC IES Exam – Objective Engineering (Paper II): Electronics & Telecommunication, Electrical, Mechanical & Civil Engineering respectively.

4) Book for UPSC IES Exam – Conventional Paper (Paper I): Electronics & Telecommunication, Electrical, Mechanical & Civil Engineering respectively.

5) Book for UPSC IES Exam – Conventional Paper (Paper II): Electronics & Telecommunication, Electrical, Mechanical & Civil Engineering respectively.


These books consists of all the related topics at one place.

UPSC Indian Engineering Service (IES) Exam Syllabus: The standard of paper in General Ability Test will be such as may be expected of an Engineering/Science Graduate. The standard of papers in other subjects will approximately be that of an Engineering Degree Examination of an Indian University. There will be no practical examination in any of the subjects.

GENERAL ABILITY TEST
Part A: General English. The question paper in General English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.
Part B: General Studies: The paper in General Studies will include knowledge of current events and of such matters as of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person. The paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of a nature which candidates should be able to answer without special study.

Download UPSC IES Civil/Electrical/Mechanical/Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Syllabus.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) holds a Written Examination every year for recruitment of Assistant Commandants (Group A) in the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) such as Border Security Force(BSF), Central Reserve Police Force(CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force(CISF), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).

Eligibility Required to apply for UPSC CAPF Assistant Commandants (AC) posts are as below:
– Age Limit: A candidate’s age must be between 20 years to 25 years at the time of applying.
– Educational Qualifications: Candidate must hold a Bachelor’s degree of a University incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 or possess an equivalent qualification.

UPSC Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination Selection Process: The Selection Procedure/Scheme of the Exam consists of written exam followed by Physical Standards/Physical Efficiency Tests and Medical Standards Tests.

UPSC CAPF (AC) Written Exam Pattern: The written examination to be conducted by Union Public Service Commission will comprise of two papers which will be held on same day.

Part Sections Max. MarksTime Alloted
Paper-I
(Objective type)
General Ability and Intelligence250 2 Hours
Paper-II
(Descriptive type)
General Studies, Essay and
Comprehension
200 3 Hours

NOTE: – The questions in Paper- I will be of Objective (Multiple Answers) Type in which the questions will be set in English as well as Hindi language.
– In Paper-II candidates will be allowed the option of writing the Essay Component in English or Hindi (80 marks), but the medium of Precis Writing, Comprehension Components and other communications/language skills will be English only (120 marks).
– There are minimum qualifying marks separately in each Paper as may be fixed by the Commission in their discretion. Paper-I will be evaluated first and evaluation of Paper-II will be done only of those candidates who obtain the minimum qualifying marks in Paper-I.

Interview/Personality Test: Candidates who are declared qualified in the Written as well as Medical Standards Tests, will be called for Interview/Personality Test to be conducted by Union Public Service Commission. The Interview/ Personality Test will carry 150 Marks.

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for UPSC CAPF Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Written Exam are suggested as below.

1) UPSC CAPF Books in English:

2) UPSC CAPF Books in Hindi:


These books consists of all the related topics at one place. You can buy any of these books.

Syllabus for UPSC CAPF (AC) Examination :

Paper I : General Ability and Intelligence

The objective type questions with multiple choices in this paper will broadly cover the following areas:
1. General Mental Ability:
The questions will be designed to test the logical reasoning, quantitative aptitude including numerical ability, and data interpretation.
2. General Science:
The questions will be set to test general awareness, scientific temper, comprehension and appreciation of scientific phenomena of everyday observation including new areas of importance like Information Technology, Biotechnology, Environmental Science.
3. Current Events of National and International Importance:
The questions will test the candidates’ awareness of current events of national and international importance in the broad areas of culture, music, arts, literature, sports, governance, societal and developmental issues, industry, business, globalisation, and interplay among nations.
4. Indian Polity and Economy:
The questions shall aim to test candidates’ knowledge of the Country’s political system and the Constitution of India, social systems and public administration, economic development in India, regional and international security issues and human rights including its indicators.
5. History of India :
The questions will broadly cover the subject in its social, economic and political aspects. This shall also include the areas of growth of nationalism and freedom movement.
6. Indian and World Geography:
The questions shall cover the physical, social and economic aspects of geography pertaining to India and the World.

Paper II : General Studies, Essay and Comprehension

Part-A – Essay questions which are to be answered in long narrative form either in Hindi or English totaling 80 Marks. The indicative topics are modern Indian history especially of the freedom struggle, geography, polity and economy, knowledge of security and human rights issues, and analytical ability.
Part-B – Comprehension, précis writing, other communications/language skills – to be attempted in English only (Marks 120) – The topics are Comprehension passages, précis writing, developing counter arguments, simple grammar and other aspects of language testing.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.

Union Public Service commission (UPSC) holds the Geologists’ Examination every year for recruitment of different Geologist posts like the Geologist, Assistant Geologist, Jr. Hydro geologist, Assistant Hydro geologist posts in various departments of Government of India. The examination will be held at various centers across the country.
UPSC Geologists’ Examination recruits candidates under two main categories described below:

Category-I: Geological Survey of India, Ministry of Mines.
– Geologist, Group ‘A’
– Assistant Geologist Grade-I (Group ‘B’)
Category-II: Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources.
– Jr. Hydrogeologists (Scientist-B), Group ‘A’
– Assistant Hydrogeologists, Group ‘B’

Eligibility Required :

(a) Age Limits :Candidates age should be between 21 years and 32 years for Category I Posts (Geologist, Group ‘A’, Assistant Geologist Grade-I (Group ‘B’)) and 21-35 years for Jr Hydrogeologists Post and 21-30 years for Assistant Hydrogeologists posts.

(b) Educational Qualifications : Candidates must be done Master’s Degree in Geological Science or Geology or Applied Geology or Geo-Exploration for Category I Posts, Masters Degree in Geology or Applied Geology or Marine Geology from a university, Master’s Degree in Hydrogeology from a recognised university for Category II Posts.

UPSC Geologists’ Examination Selection Process The selection of the candidates will be done on the basis of written test and interview.

UPSC Geologists Written Exam Pattern: The subjects in the written examination will be as below:

Paper Subject Max. Marks Time Alloted
1General English1003 hours
2Geology Paper I2003 hours
3Geology Paper II2003 hours
4Geology Paper III2003 hours
5Hydrogeology2003 hours

NOTE: – Candidates applying for Category-I posts need to appear in paper number 1 to 4 whereas candidates applying for category-II posts need to appear in paper number 1 to 3 and 5.
– All papers need to be answered in English as question papers will be set in English only.
– Examination of all the subjects will be of Conventional (Essay) Type and must be written by own hands.

UPSC Geologists Interview & Personality Test Pattern: Candidates qualifying written exam will be called for Interview and Personality test which includes 200 marks. Special attention will be paid in the Personality Test to assessing the candidate’s capacity for leadership, initiative and intellectual curiosity, tact and other social qualities, mental and physical energy, powers of practical application, integrity of character and aptitude for adapting themselves to the field life

Some of the books which can help candidates to prepare for UPSC Geologists English Written Exam are suggested as below.

Some Books on Geology:

These books consists of all the related topics at one place. You can buy any of these books.

Syllabus for UPSC Geologists Examination :

The standard of the paper in General English will be such as may be expected of a science graduate. The papers on geological subjects will be approximately of the M.Sc. degree standard of an Indian University and questions will generally be set to test the candidate’s grasp of the fundamentals in each subject. There will be no practical examination in any of the subjects.

(1) GENERAL ENGLISH
Candidate will be required to write a short Essay in English. Other questions will be designed to test their under standing of English and workmanlike use of words.

(2) GEOLOGY – PAPER I
Section A : Geomorphology and Remote Sensing.
Basic principles. Weathering and soils, Mass wasting. Influence of climate on processes. Concept of erosion cycles. Geomorphology of fluvial tracts, arid zones, coastal regions, ‘Karst’ landscapes and glaciated ranges. Geomorphic mapping, slope analysis and drainage basin analysis. Applications of geomorphology in mineral prospecting, civil engineering, hydrology and environmental studies. Topographical maps. Geomorphology of India.
Concepts and principles of aerial photography and photogrammetry, satellite remote sensing — data products and their interpretation. Digital image processing. Remotesensing in landform and land use mapping, structural mapping, hydrogeological studies and mineral exploration. Global and Indian Space Missions. Geographic Information System (GIS) — principles and applications.
Section B : Structural Geology
Principles of geological mapping and map reading, projection diagrams. Stressstrain relationships of elastic, plastic and viscous materials. Measurement of strain in deformed rocks. Behaviour of minerals and rocks under deformation conditions. Structural analysis of folds, cleavages, lineations, joints and faults. Superposed deformation. Mechanism of folding and faulting. Time-relationship between crystallization and deformation. Unconformities and basement-cover relations. Structural behaviour of igneous rocks, diapirs and salt domes. Introduction to petrofabrics.
Section C : Geotectonics
Earth and the solar system, Meteorites and other extra-terrestrial materials, Planetary evolution of the earth and its internal structure. Heterogeneity of the earth’s crust. Major tectonic features of the Oceanic and Continental crust. Continental drift — geological and geophysical evidence, mechanics, objections, present status. Gravity and magnetic anomalies at Mid-ocean ridges, deep sea trenches, continental shield areas and mountain chains. Palaeomagnetism. Seafloor spreading and Plate Tectonics. Island arcs, Oceanic islands and volcanic arcs. Isostasy, orogeny and epeirogeny. Seismic belts of the earth. Seismicity and plate movements. Geodynamics of the Indian plate.
Section D : Stratigraphy
Nomenclature and the modern stratigraphic code. Radioisotopes and measuring geological time. Geological time-scale. Stratigraphic procedures of correlation of unfossiliferous rocks. Precambrian stratigraphy of India. Stratigraphy of the Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic formations of India. Gondwana system and Gondwanaland. Rise of the Himalaya and evolution of Siwalik basin. Deccan Volcanics. Quaternary Stratigraphy. Rock record, palaeoclimates and palaeogeography.
Section E : Palaeontology
Fossil record and geological time-scale. Morphology and time-ranges of fossil groups. Evolutionary changes in molluscs and mammals in geological time. Principles of evolution. Use of species and genera of foraminifera and echinodermata in biostratigraphic correlation. Siwalik vertebrate fauna and Gondwana flora, evidence of life in Precambrian times, different microfossil groups and their distribution in India.

(3) GEOLOGY – PAPER II
Section A : Mineralogy
Physical, chemical and crystallographic characteristics of common rock forming silicate mineral groups. Structural classification of silicates. Common minerals of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Minerals of the carbonate, phosphate, sulphide and halide groups. Optical properties of common rock forming silicate minerals, uniaxial and biaxial minerals. Extinction angles, pleochroism, birefringence of minerals and their relation with mineral composition. Twinned crystals. Dispersion. Application of universal stage (4 axes/5 axes) in determining optical properties.
Section B : Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Forms, textures and structures of igneous rocks. Silicate melt equilibria, binary and pernery phase diagrams. Petrology and geotectonic evolution of granites, basalts, andesites and alkaline rocks. Petrology of gabbros, kimberlites, anorthosites and carbonatites. Origin of primary basic magmas. Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks. Regional and contact metamorphism of pelitic and impure calcareous rocks. Mineral assemblages equilibrium/Reaction textures and geo-thermo barometry. Experimental and thermodynamic appraisal of metamorphic reactions. Characteristics of different grades and facies of metamorphism. Metasomatism and granitization, migmatites. Plate tectonics and metamorphic zones. Paired metamorphic belts.
Section C : Sedimentology
Provenance and diagenesis of sediments. Sedimentary textures. Framework matrix and cement of terrigenous sediments. Definition, measurement and interpretation of grain size. Elements of hydraulics. Primary structures, palaeocurrent analysis. Biogenic and chemical sedimentary structures. Sedimentary environment and facies. Facies modelling for marine, non-marine and mixed sediments. Tectonics and sedimentation. Classification and definition of sedimentary basins, Sedimentary basins of India. Cyclic sediments. Seismic and sequence stratigraphy. Purpose and scope of basin analysis. Structure contours and isopach maps.
Section D : Geochemistry
Earth in relation to the solar system and universe, cosmic abundance of elements. Composition of the planets and meteorites. Structure and composition of earth and distribution of elements. Trace elements. Elementary crystal chemistry and thermodynamics. Introduction to isotope geochemistry. Geochemistry of hydrosphere, biosphere and atmosphere. Geochemical cycle and principles of geochemical prospecting.
Section E : Environmental Geology
Concepts and principles. Natural hazards — preventive/precautionary measures — floods, landslides, earthquakes, river and coastal erosion. Impact assessment of anthropogenic activities such as urbanization, open cast mining and quarrying, river-valley projects, disposal of industrial and radio active waste, excess withdrawal of ground water, use of fertilizers, dumping of ores, mine waste and fly-ash. Organic and inorganic contamination of ground water and their remedial measures. Soil degradation and remedial measures. Environment protection — legislative measures in India.

(4) GEOLOGY – PAPER III
Section A : Indian mineral deposits and mineral economics
Occurrence and distribution in India of metalliferous deposits — base metals, iron, manganese, aluminium, chromium, nickel, gold, silver, molybdenum. Indian deposits of non-metals — mica, asbestos, barytes, gypsum, graphite, apatite and beryl. Gemstones, refractory minerals, abrasives and minerals used in glass, fertilizer, paint, ceramic and cement industries. Building stones. Phosphorite deposits. Placer deposits, rare earth minerals. Strategic, critical and essential minerals. India’s status in mineral production. Changing patterns of mineral consumption. National Mineral Policy. Mineral Concession Rules. Marine mineral resources and Law of Sea.
Section B : Ore genesis
Ore deposits and ore minerals. Magmatic processes of mineralisation. Porphyry, skarn and hydrothermal mineralisation. Fluid inclusion studies. Mineralisation associated with — (i) ultramafic, mafic and acidic rocks, (ii) greenstone belts, (iii) komatiites, anorthosites and kimberlites and (iv) submarine volcanism. Magmarelated mineralisation through geological time. Stratiform and stratabound ores. Ores and metamorphism — cause and effect relations.
Section C : Mineral exploration
Methods of surface and subsurface exploration, prospecting for economic minerals — drilling, sampling and assaying. Geophysical techniques — gravity, electrical, magnetic, airborne and seismic. Geomorphological and remote sensing techniques. Geobotanical and geochemical methods. Borehole logging and surveys for deviation.
Section D : Geology of fuels
Definition, origin of coal. Stratigraphy of coal measures. Fundamentals of coal petrology, peat, lignite, bituminous and anthracite coal. Microscopic constituents of coal. Industrial application of coal petrology. Indian coal deposits. Diagenesis of organic materials. Origin, migration and entrapment of natural hydorcarbons. Characters of source and reservoir rocks. Structural, stratigraphic and mixed traps. Techniques of exploration. Geographical and geological distributions of onshore and offshore petroliferous basins of India. Mineralogy and geochemistry of radioactive minerals. Instrumental techniques of detection and measurement of radioactivity. Radioactive methods for prospecting and assaying of mineral deposits. Distribution of radioactive minerals in India. Radioactive methods in petroleum exploration — well logging techniques. Nuclear waste disposal — geological constraints.
Section E : Engineering Geology
Mechanical properties of rocks and soils. Geological investigations for river valley projects — Dams and reservoirs; tunnels — types, methods and problems. Bridges — types and foundation problems. Shoreline engineering. Landslides — classification, causes, prevention and rehabilitation. Concrete aggregates — sources, alkali-aggregate reaction. Aseismic designing — seismicity in India and earthquake-resistant structures. Problems of groundwater in engineering projects. Geotechnical case studies of major projects in India.

(5) HYDROGEOLOGY
Section A: Origin, occurrence and distribution of water
Origin of water: meteroic, juvenile, magmatic and sea waters, Hydrologic cycle: precipitation, runoff, infiltration and evapotranspiration, Hydrographs. Subsurface movement and vertical distribution of groundwater, Springs, Classification of aquifers, Concepts of drainage basin and groundwater basin. hydrological properties of rocks – specific yield, specific retention, porosity, hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity, storage coefficient, water table fluctuations – causative factors, concept of barometric and tidal efficiencies, water table contour maps, Classification of rocks with respect to their water bearing characteristics, Hydro-stratigraphic units, Groundwater provinces of India, Hydrogeology of and Zones of India, wet lands.
Section B: Well hydraulies and well design
Theory of groundwater flow, Darey’s Law and its applications, determination of permeability in laboratory and in field, Types of wells, drilling methods, construction, design, development and maintenance of wells, specific capacity and its determination. Unconfined, confined, steady, unsteady and radial flow conditions, Pumps tests – methods, data analysis and interpretation for hydrogeologic boundaries, Evaluation of aquifer parameters using Thiem, Theis, Jacob and Walton methods, Groundwater modeling – numerical and electrical models.
Section C: Groundwater chemistry
Groundwater quality – physical and chemical properties of water, quality criteria for different uses, graphical presentation of water quality data, groundwater quality in different provinces of India – problems of arsenic and fluoride, Saline water intrusion in coastal and other aquifers and its prevention, Radioisotopes in hydrogeological studies, Groundwater contamination.
Section D: Groundwater exploration
Geological – lithological and structural mapping, fracture trace analysis, Hydrogeological – lithological classification with respect of hydrologic properties, Hydraulic continuity in relation to geologic structures, Location of springs Remote sensing – hydrogeomorphic mapping of the terrain using different images of different satellite missions, lineament mapping, shallow groundwater potential zone mapping using satellite images, Surface geophysical methods – seismic, gravity, geoelectrical and magnetic, Subsurface geophysical methods – well logging for delineation of aquifers and estimation of water quality.
Section E: Groundwater problems and management.
Groundwater problems related to foundation work, mining, canals and tunnels, Problems of over exploitation and groundwater mining. Groundwater development in urban areas and rain water harvesting, Artificial recharge methods, Groundwater problems in arid regions and remediation. Groundwater balance and methods of estimation. Groundwater legislation. Sustainability criteria and managing renewable and nonrenewable groundwater resources.

We wish our candidates All The Best for the Upcoming Exams and wish them great future ahead!!

Leave a comment below for any further queries or suggestions.